Did you know there’s an oil filter in our Garrett turbo (and the Multiair brick)?

garrett oil filter

photo courtesy of Peter T.

There is an oil supply tube exiting the oil cooler/filter housing, the other end of which you’ll find attached to the top of your turbo (shown in the photo above inside the green circle) that feeds  cooled/filtered oil to lubricate the bearings as it spools up to 230,000 RPM.  Unbeknownst to most of us, and not mentioned in the Owner’s Manual that I am aware of, the turbo itself has it’s own oil filter, located within the hollow bolt (also identified in the photo above), that has a history of disintegrating at some point.   I imagine this is an industry-wide practice to protect the turbos from engine break-in metal that has snuck past the engine’s oil filter, as well as from those that allow the oil filter bypass valve to open by not changing the oil filter when scheduled.  Should turbo oil flow become inhibited by a broken filter element, or by trapped debris resulting from  the filter doing it’s job, you would be looking at a very expensive repair to replace the turbo assembly.

Peter T. has learned about this issue through an Italian Alfa Romeo forum, and was kind enough to bring to my attention, that this filter bolt (also known as a banjo bolt by Mopar – thanks Mike34!; use a 17 mm socket – thanks goaterguy!) should probably be inspected during every other oil change (approximately every 15,000 miles), and replaced if the filter doesn’t appear to be in working condition.  It appears that oil filter elements aren’t sold alone, but instead, a new filter bolt (#7 in diagram below), along with two new gaskets or crush washers (#9 in diagram below), must be purchased as a replacement.

garrett oil filter plugged

don’t let your filter bolt get this bad!!

garrett oil filter parts

⬅️ In fact if I read the diagram correctly, there are a couple more filter bolts on the other end of the hoses (#9 and #10 at the engine oil filter).

Multiair-brick filter bolt

Peter T. has also pointed out,  that the multiair brick is also protected by a filter bolt, with an unspecified change interval, as shown in his two photos below.  I would venture to say, that it should at least be changed while replacing the timing belt and water pump, and that the condition of the turbo filter bolt should be a good indicator as to the condition of the brick’s oil filter, and whether it might be a good idea to replace sooner than the 100,000 to 150,000 miles recommended for replacing the timing belt, so as not to “brick” the brick 😉

He has provided European (Ricambi) part numbers for the various known filter bolts:
MULTIAIR FILTER #: 55238665    TURBO FILTER #: 71769773    OIL FILTER #: 73500049
(The Mopar (U.S.) part # for the Multiair filter bolt is 68189847AA)

Driving Impressions in New Jersey, is an alternative source for the OEM multiair filter bolt: https://www.teamdi.com/product/fiat-multiair-engine-multiscreen-filter/ .  Based on their experience with the 1.4 L engine, they recommend changing at 60,000 mile intervals.

brick oil filter1

brick oil filter2

click photo to enlarge


Alternatively, aftermarket bolts have been developed (minus the filter element), that insure good continuous (unrestricted*) oil flow, which I’m sure are to be used with an unwritten assumption that good quality engine oil filter cartridges will be installed when oil changes are called for (so that the oil filter bypass valve is never engaged).   Peter was able to locate a quality alternative product, and had his mechanic replace his filter bolt with it, so that he needn’t concern himself with this potential blockage source any longer.

These have 4 holes (instead of 2 like the OEM bolts), and inside it has NO filter .. so it can never tarnish or clog, and will always guarantee an excellent lubrication to the turbine bearings.

garrett oil filter alt

I’m hoping that I will be able to locate other sources for these bolts, besides a workshop in Italy.

*    Iain points out in a comment below, that perhaps the restriction offered in the factory filter bolts is intentional.  I can’t render an opinion on that subject, but hopefully an expert will chime in.


aha4aiconOr, if they are not easily obtainable (and don’t look like the clogged filter bolt in the second photo), you could simply rid the OEM bolt of the suspect filter element by cleaning it out with compressed air, and then reinstall the bolt using new crush washers, with 14.75 ft.•lb. (20 N•m) of torque.

 

22 thoughts on “Did you know there’s an oil filter in our Garrett turbo (and the Multiair brick)?

    • I think they are 12 x 1.5, with a 19 mm head, but that should all be verified 😉

      Also, Peter has just observed that the underside of the bolt head would also need to be machined as a sealing surface.

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  1. Wow! I had no idea/ I did find this…a part number for the hose. It shows the banjo bolt [#7] in diagrams but doesn’t list it as a separate part number. Mopar Part No.: 4892965AB TUBE-OIL FEED

    Liked by 1 person

      • Appears #9 and #10 in the above exploded diagram are banjo bolts. I doubt they are oil filter types though. I’m sure some one that has replaced/removed the turbo could confirm. Replacing that every 15000 miles!!! I’m past due!!

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      • Should be inspected every 15,000 miles, not replaced 😉 That bad one in the photo is dopo (italian for over) 31,000 miles though. I’ll bet that wasn’t a well cared-for Spider either, probably some work vehicle that never got it’s oil changed.

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      • Iain brings up a valid point, and I’ve added a note in the article

        “that perhaps the restriction offered in the factory filter bolts is intentional.  I can’t render an opinion on that subject, but hopefully an expert will chime in.”

        to encourage further discussion.

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  2. From what I have read owners might also want to occasionally inspect / replace the oil filter of the Multiair unit.

    If the instructions on transverse mounted engines also apply it should be a straightforward job. Just remove the timing belt cover and unbolt the filter.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks for the comment. Your statement on the missing filter is interesting, in that it’s purpose is

      to protect the turbo from engine break-in metal that has snuck past the engine’s oil filter

      so is Mopar assuming that replacement turbos are always purchased for engines that have already been broken-in? (Probably a reasonable assumption.)

      I incorporated your bolt head size into the article, but out of curiosity, what prompted you to inspect that filter on a brand new turbo?

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  3. Hi, after the reading of this article, I have decided to buy the alternate replacement to the OEM filter as described above. The source is Italian and it was easy to get one for 20 euro incl shipping . Now, looking at the original bolt on my turbo which I ll remove later this week end, I have noticed a vertical mark painted “by hand” on the head of the bolt down to the lubricating pipeline that looks like a reference , sort of alignment.

    On the other hand if I look at the replacement bolt that I have in my hands, I wonder weather there must be an alignment with the pipeline: 4 holes, two must be aligned to the lubricating pipeline, correct? I wonder how to reach correct torque and align the holes properly at the same time.

    Dumb /rookie question, I know.

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    • Claudio,
      Not a dumb question at all. I hope someone that is quite familiar eventually replies, but here is my engineering guess

      That vertical mark, was it made with a grease pencil or paint pen? It was probably a Quality Control affirmation of proper torque, rather than for alignment purposes. Torque being the primary concern, as you were thinking.

      I’ll bet that oil flows all around the bolt shank, and that you needn’t concern yourself with orientation. I think the manufacturer of these 4-hole bolts figured that rather than 2 larger slots/holes, 4 smaller holes would serve as a crude filter on their own, since these don’t include a filter element (or it was just easier to manufacture that way 😉 ).

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      • thanx for your super quick reply Ameridan . I picked up the phone and asked the manufacturer who sold me the unfiltered bolt more info on the subject. He confirmed me exactly -word by word- what your “engineering guess” were: spot on! The mark, was indeed made for torque affirmation.

        Super Ameridan, thanx

        Liked by 1 person

      • The only worry id have removing the restriction is that its probably there for a reason. modern Garrett turbos generally require a restrictor due to engine oil pressure being more than the turbo requires. without it, there can be a build up inside the turbo centre and it will push through the seals. if it was me, id keep an eye on it and replace with a factory item if required.

        Liked by 1 person

  4. Iain, I’ve incorporated your comment into the article, as you bring up a valid point worthy of more discussion. I also read an article today regarding the multiair brick filter bolt, and incorporated that into the article as well.

    Like

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